News 2024, 1-6

June 2024


c/n MSN 2260 N45324 Lockheed L18 Lodestar in old National Airlines colors waiting for the passengers at Key West Airport in 1949. Zoggavia Collection

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c/n 4832 N7134C Lockheed L1049H Super Constellation taxiing at New York's Idlewild Airport in 1959, Zoggavia Collection via Clinton Groves.

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c/n MSN 46700 N60NA Douglas DC-10 in National colors during a test flight over California. Zoggavia Collection via Douglas and Clinton Groves.

National Airlines - The Sunshine Airline from Florida

The airline was founded by George T. Baker in St. Petersburg, Florida, and began operations in October 1934. It initially flew passengers and mail within Florida using a fleet of Ryan ST monoplanes. Over the years, the airline expanded its fleet and route network, and in 1946, it introduced the first non-stop flights from Miami to New York using the Douglas DC-4. The airline also operated other classic prop-liners such as Lockheed Lodestars, Electras, and Constellations, and introduced the Douglas DC-6 in July 1947, reducing the flight time on the Miami to New York route by more than two hours.

In the 1950s, National Airline embraced the jet age, becoming the first to operate a domestic US jet service. The airline expanded its route network and introduced a colorful livery with a smiling sun logo. In the 1960s, further expansion included flights to Los Angeles and San Francisco, and the introduction of the Douglas DC-8 and the Boeing 727-100. By 1968, the airline operated an all-jet fleet and in late 1969, it ordered new McDonnell Douglas DC-10 series 10 tri-jets to replace the DC-8 fleet, increasing capacity and passenger comfort. The airline expanded internationally, offering direct non-stop service from its Miami hub to London LHR in 1970 and becoming one of the first to introduce the Boeing 747. By 1973, the airline operated widebody service to various destinations, including European cities such as Paris, Frankfurt, Amsterdam, and Zurich with the upgraded DC-10 series 30.

On 7 January 1980, Pan Am completed the takeover of National Airlines. The National fleet was quickly integrated into Pan Am's fleet, with many aircraft put up for sale due to conflicting fleets. The distinctive livery and branding of National Airlines disappeared within months, along with the iconic 'Sun-King' logo.

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c/n MSN 497 OH-LRH CV-440 of Finnair, the 2nd former Kar-Air Convair, starts-up its engine for the afternoon flight to Tampere in 1974. Zoggavia Collection

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c/n MSN 432 OH-VKM, a former Kar-Air Convair, CV-440 during a flight from Tampere to Helsinki in summer 1972. Zoggavia Collection

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c/n MSN 73 OH-LRB Convair 440 in Finnair's 50-year colors during an engine check run at Helsinki airport in the summer of 1973. Zoggavia Collection

The Finnish Convairs

The Convair aircraft, with their strong presence in Finland, hold a significant place in the country's aviation history. In the early 1970s, I had the opportunity to capture the Finnair Metropolitans in action, as they were used for Finnair's domestic flights in Finland. Zoggavia's stunning display of these Metros, set against the backdrop of the Nordic light, showcases them in various stages of flight on the platform, taxiing, taking off, in flight, and landing. It's a visual testament to the significance of these aircraft in Finland.

Kar-Air acquired two new CV-440s in 1957, which were later transferred to Finnair in the 1960s.

The Convairs remained in scheduled service for a long time because the airport in Tampere, Härmälä, had a short runway suitable only for propeller aircraft. Jet aircraft did not come into service until the new airport in Pirkkala opened at the end of 1979. This also determined the fate of the Convairs.

Aero/Finnair acquired three Convair CV-340s in the early 1950s, which were later converted to CV 440 Metropolitans. Finnair later acquired one used Metropolitan and three new ones. The last flight of the type was flown on 30 April 1980

OH-LRB was delivered to Aero/Finnair in 1953. After its withdrawal from service, the Convair was transferred to the Finnish Aviation Museum on 4 November 1980.

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c/n MSN 1962 43-10310 Lockheed C-69 L049 Constellation in Transcontinental Line colors during her record setting flight with Howard Hughes from Burbank to Washington on 17 April 1944. Zoggavia Collection

11000+ images reached

Zoggavia is continually growing. It's like a giant puzzle - more and more pieces form a collection of exceptional photos and tell the story of classic aircraft. We mainly focus on civil aviation from the past 90 years, but we also include selected military aircraft, primarily from Lockheed, and those types that have played a central role in civil and military aviation.

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SE-CCO of Linjeflyg on final approach to Stockholm's Bromma airport in July 1972, Zoggavia Collection.

1970's Piston Props in the North of Europe
The Swedish Convairs

If you longed to witness piston-engine aircraft on scheduled flights in Europe during the 1970s, you would have to journey to Scandinavia and Finland. That's precisely what I did. My first stop was the former international airport in Stockholm, Bromma, in 1971. The sight was simply breathtaking; it was alive with Convairs, Douglas, and other fascinating propeller aircraft. The activities of the Convairs in the morning and evening were especially captivating to witness. Linjeflyg, a Swedish domestic airline created in 1957, operated a dense network of domestic Swedish flights to and from Stockholm. Most of these flights were conducted by Convair 440s, although four French Nord 262s were also utilized on less traversed routes. But it wasn't just the aircraft that made the experience special; the landscape, beautiful summer weather, long days, deep blue skies, and low sun added an extra layer of magic to the photographs. But see for yourself.

May 2024

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c/n 4547 VT-DGL L1049G Super Constellation of Air India being refueled at Zurich Airport in 1956. Zoggavia via Bernhard Furrer, ETH Bibliothek, CC BY-SA 4.0

Welcome to our selection of black and white aviation photos 

Nostalgia is important, which is why the associations with black and white photography are so powerful. When we take black and white photographs, we aren't just capturing an image; we are creating a work of art. These photographs carry with them more than just the scene they present; they possess an aesthetic that holds meaning in and of itself.

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C/N 4683 N9642Z Lockheed L1049G Super Constellation still wearing Soli Transocean titles and Archbishop Makarios III still on nose, in derelict state at Fox Field, Lancaster, in late 1967. Zoggavia Collection

Cyprus Airways L1049G Super Constellation in 1966

Cyprus Airways resumed operations on 1 November 1965, after BEA had flown all services for Cyprus since 1958. A L1049G Super Constellation was to be leased to Cyprus in January 1966. Still, although the registration 5B-CAJ 'Archbishop Makarios III' was allocated, and the aircraft was painted in Cyprus Airways colors, the lease was not taken up, and Viscounts operated instead.

Read more...

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C/N 4683 N9642Z after receiving US Air titles at Beek Airfield, now Maastricht Aachen Airport, Netherlands, in the beginning of 1965. Zoggavia Collection

 United States Airways - US Air Inc.

Captain Lucien Pickett established a small airline in 1964, operating charter flights from London Gatwick to Kenya and Jamaica. The aircraft faced challenges and was impounded in Gatwick due to non-payment of fees. After relocating to the Netherlands, the aircraft was involved in an incident in Malta, leading to the airline ceasing operations. Three years later, Captain Pickett formed another airline, which attempted operations in Biafra. Unfortunately, Captain Pickett lost his life when the DC-4 he was piloting disappeared into the Atlantic in 1969.

Read the details here...

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SE-CFW Douglas DC-3 of Capella resting at GVA Airport in 1967. Zoggavia Collection

Geneva Airport

Created in 1920, Genève-Cointrin Aéroport is one of the oldest airports on the Old Continent. It accompanied the beginnings of aviation and grew with the city and its region. Today, Geneva and its region are connected to over 137 destinations, operated by 48 airlines.

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c/n 2662 NB86525 Lockheed L649 of C&S at MDW in 1952. Zoggavia Collection

Chicago and Southern L649 Constellations

C&S received its first 649 Constellation in August 1950 and put it in service in October of the same year. By mid-1951, C&S had six 649s in service, linking the principal cities of its domestic network with Cuba, Venezuela, and Jamaica. C&S was one of the airlines that used "Speedpaks" regularly for its services. On 10 January 1953, a 649 inaugurated the new service from New Orleans to San Juan, Puerto Rico.

In the early 1950s, Delta began considering the prospect of a merger to expand its route system. Given the complementary character of the Delta and C&S route systems and that both companies shared a common business philosophy, a merger appeared natural. Its routes brought Delta's first international service - from gateway city New Orleans to the Caribbean and Caracas, Venezuela.

On 1 May 1953, the Civil Aeronautics Board formally transferred the routes of Chicago and Southern to Delta. After the merger, the airline operated as Delta-C&S for a couple of years before continuing as "Delta" in the summer of 1955. The Connies were disposed of in the reorganization scheme in 1954.

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c/n4175 HB-RSC Lockheed C-121C of SCFA on final approach to Basel airport in 2010. Zoggavia Collection

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c/n4175 HB-RSC typical take off - how we miss this sight and sound! Zoggavia Collection

Star of Switzerland - A Connie in Switzerland for 15 years

  • Departed Camarillo 26 April 2004 for Basel-Mulhouse Airport, Switzerland where she arrived safely 8 May 2004

  • Joint operation of aircraft by CHS/SCFA for five years after which SCFA could purchase the aircraft
  • Purchased by the SCFA April 2007 and re-registered HB-RSC
  • Based at Basel, Switzerland and flown on the European airshow circuit until grounded by wing corrosion issues in January 2010
  • Repair costs were upwards of CHF 600K and were completed in April 2011, when the aircraft received a new paint before rejoining the airshow circuit.
  • Failure of the #2 engine forced cancelation of the 2012 airshow season
  • Mechanical issues forced cancelation of 2017 and 2018 airshow seasons
  • Breitling canceled most aviation sponsorships in 2018, including the Super Constellation
  • Faced with a CHF 20 million repair bill and additional FOCA mandated flight restrictions, the SCFA Board of Directors decided to disband the organization in late April 2019
  • Aircraft sold to German investment group 1 July 2019 with the goal of restoring airworthiness of aircraft
  • Meier Motors is spearheading the project and aircraft disassembled in August/September 2019
  • Moved by road to Eschbach-Bremgarten in southwestern Germany on 27 November 2019
  • Advertised for sale April 2023

April 2024


c/n4832 N7134C Lockheed L1049H of National Airlines taxiing at New York's Idlewild, later John F Kennedy, airport in 1959. Zoggavia Collection via Clinton Groves. 

National Airlines' Super Hs

National Airlines ordered four 1049Hs for their non-stop coach class services between New York and Miami in 1956.

These Super Connies were delivered the following year and used on this route, as well as the New York to Havana tourist service until 1961. The planes were then used for all-freight services from New York to Miami and Miami to Los Angeles until early 1963, after which the Lockheed 188 Electras took over, and the Super Connies were stored until they were sold in 1964.

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Extract from the TWA's Connies Special Edition of Airways Magazine, April 2024.

The iconic TWA Constellations

In the April issue of Airways Magazine, we take a nostalgic look at the long line of Lockheed triple-tailed airliners that served Trans World Airlines (TWA). The article is accompanied by a series of stunning images from Zoggavia - probably the most comprehensive Constellation photo collection. TWA became synonymous with the Constellation and eventually deployed more Constellations of all series - 049, 749, 1049, and 1649 - than any other airline worldwide. The article offers insight into the company's history and famous slogan, "Fly the Finest."

Airways Magazine has been a leading publication in commercial aviation since 1994. It is available digitally and on newsstands in North America and 35 countries worldwide and has subscribers in over 60 countries.

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N4141A Lockheed L300 in Lockheed's house colors at Mascot, AUS, in 1966.
Zoggavia Collection; Eric Allen via Russ Waller.

Lockheed L300 StarLifter

President John F. Kennedy's first official act after his inauguration was to order the development of the Lockheed 300 on 13 March 1961. The contract for five aircraft for test and evaluation was designated the C-141. One unique aspect of the plane was that it was designed to meet military and civil airworthiness standards. Lockheed hoped to sell the aircraft to airlines like the C-130 Hercules. The prototype C-141A (c/n MSN 61-2775) was manufactured and assembled in record time. The prototype was rolled out of the Lockheed factory at Marietta, Georgia, on 22 August 1963 and first flew on 17 December, the 60th anniversary of the Wright brothers' first flight. Following this, the company and the Air Force began an operational testing program and the delivery of 284 C-141 aircraft.

The effort to sell the aircraft on the civilian market included some detail changes, such as a different yoke and cockpit equipment. Lockheed offered two versions: the original aircraft (designated L300-100 StarLifter), based on the C-141's hull, and a strongly stretched version, 37 feet (11 m) longer than the L300-100, marketed as the L300-200 SuperstarLifter. Specialized versions, such as an aerial firefighting water bomber, were proposed, and an initial L300-100 prototype made a global sales tour (which was later donated to NASA). However, the response from the civil market could have been better, resulting in only four orders each from Flying Tiger Line and Slick Airways.

Nevertheless, the civil StarLifter was launched in 1966 since its differences from the military aircraft were minimal, and Lockheed considered the financial risks acceptable. However, only twelve aircraft were initially ordered, though never delivered, when production was greenlighted, expecting to attract more sales once the aircraft proved itself in daily business. Despite an excellent service record, the aircraft didn't attract more sales.


 G-AMYB DC-3 of Eagle Airways at London Heathrow in 1956.
Bob O'Brien Collection


VR-BAX Vickers Viscount of Eagle Airways at Hamilton, Bermuda in 1956.

Zoggavia Collection

British Eagle

was a major British independent airline that operated from 1948 until it went into liquidation on 6 November 1968. By the time of its 20th anniversary on 14 April 1968, British Eagle ranked fourth among the five major contemporary UK airlines (behind BEA, BOAC and BUA, and ahead of Caledonian).

British Eagle operated scheduled and charter services on a domestic, international and transatlantic basis. Please look at the development of the airline in images over the years.

Eagle Aviation Ltd 1948 - 1953
Eagle Airways Ltd 1953 - 1960
Cunard Eagle Airways 1960 - 1963
British Eagle International Airlines 1963 - 1968

The Home of Eagle site


c/n 4834 L1049H PP-YSB Taxiing at Tokyo Haneda airport in 1960.
Via Mel Lawrence and Clinton Groves.

Probably the smartest Super H Constellation

Real Airlines placed an order for four L1049H aircraft in May 1957 to compete with Varig. These Super Connies were delivered in February/March 1958 and were used to serve routes connecting Buenos Aires to Trinidad, Caracas, and Miami/Chicago. As time passed, the airline expanded its services to include Bogota, Mexico, and Los Angeles. In May 1960, the Los Angeles route was further extended to Tokyo via Honolulu and Wake Island. However, the expansion took its toll on the airline, leading to Varig's gradual purchase of the consortium Real-Aerovias-Nacional between May and August 1961. At this time, the airline also began flights to Chicago-Midway.

Read the story and see their Super Connies.

March 2024

Caravelle Zoggavia

Se-210 Caravelle in Finland

Today, France is a key center in the world of aircraft manufacturing. It is home not only to European juggernaut Airbus but also to turboprop manufacturer ATR and business jet and military specialist Dassault. However, if you look a little further back in history, the name Sud Aviation also crops up. It made history in the 1950s by producing the first jetliner specifically for the short—to medium-haul market: the SE 210 Caravelle.

Zoggavia contributed images to the new Sud Aviation SE-210 Caravelle in Finland book, written by Antti Hyvärinen and Juha Klementtinen.

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Antti, a Finnair A320 Captain, and Paul at the Finnish Aviation Museum with the books of the most beautiful aircraft graced the skies.

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Pan American Douglas C-74, Clipper 9, NC4201, as it could have looked in 1945. 
Zoggavia collection.

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42-65413 Douglas C-74 Globemaster I in U.S. Air Force markings in 1950.
Zoggavia Collection

The Jumbos of the 1940s - The Douglas C-74 Globemaster I

Juan Terry Trippe, the visionary President of Pan American, was determined to maintain the airline's position as a leader in global passenger service. In 1944, Pan Am boldly placed an order for 26 Douglas C-74s, also known as Clipper 9, which boasted a capacity of up to 108 passengers. These state-of-the-art aircraft were designed with luxurious lounges and private staterooms for the proposed New York to Rio de Janeiro and Buenos Aires service. The estimated cost of each plane was approximately $1,125,000, a significant investment for the airline. However, following the Second World War, the commercial air travel market did not grow as anticipated, and market analysis indicated that the high passenger loads required to justify the operational cost could not be guaranteed. Undeterred, Pan Am strategically canceled the C-74 order in October 1945 and opted for smaller aircraft. As a result, the opportunity for a commercial version of the C-74 Globemaster I was lost forever.

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The image shows HB-ICL CV880 in Swissair colors during a test flight, eventually with all four General Electric CJ-805 turbojets at full thrust, in 1961. Zoggavia Collection

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Finnair evaluated the CV880 together with the Comet, the Electra, the Viscount, and SE-210 Caravelle. The Purchasing Group valuated the CV880 being technically the best alternative.

Convair 880

A trip down memory lane - Rare Convair CV880 in European Skies - Swissair ordered 7 Convair CV990 Coronados, which were supposed to be more economical and faster than its direct competitors, the Douglas DC8 and Boeing 707. After delays in certification and due to under-performance in range and speed, the delivery of the aircraft was postponed, and Convair made two CV880Ms available to Swissair, which were predecessors to the CV990. After the CV990s were delivered, the CV880 returned to Convair after being in Swissair Service for less than a year from 1961 to 1962. The image shows HB-ICL CV880 in Swissair colors during a test flight, eventually with all four General Electric CJ-805 turbojets at full thrust, in 1961. 

February 2024


N921U Lockheed P-3 21 and N90739 Douglas DC-6 38 between operations in 2003, Zoggavia Collection.

Fighting Forest Fires from the Air

In early attempts to put out fires with airplanes in the 1920s, water was carried in various containers including wooden kegs, cans, buckets, waxed paper bags, and balloons. These were used as projectiles to attack the fires. However, the "water bombs" were found to be more dangerous to the firefighters on the ground than the fire itself.

Since then, many advancements have been made in the field of fighting forest fires from the air. The Classic Firebomber Gallery showcases both civil and military planes that have been converted for this purpose.


c/n MSN 2553 Lockheed L749A Constellation in Wien Alaska Airlines colors at Seattle in 1968, Zoggavia Collection.

New Arrivals to the the Lockheed Constellation Collection

Zoggavia has located old, high-quality Kodachrome slides and integrated them into the constantly growing Connie Collection.

Zoggavia Swissair 2

February issue of Airways Magazine

Airways Magazine covers history of Swissair Part II - with Zoggavia images

Swissair was a successful airline in the 1980s, celebrating its 50th anniversary and transporting its 100 millionth passenger. It was voted the Airline of the Year for five consecutive years and expanded its businesses by founding 252 companies. However, after implementing a cost reduction program and an ambitious expansion strategy, involving a partial takeover and investments in various airlines, some of which were struggling financially,, Swissair suffered its worst financial loss in 2000, putting 72,000 jobs at risk. The effects of 9/11 brought about the grounding of the entire Swissair fleet on October 2, 2001, ultimately leading to the company's demise.


c/n MSN 27 OH-LEC Caravelle III in early Finnair colors at Basel-Mulhouse airport in 1962.
Zoggavia Collection


c/n MSN 169 F-BLKJ Caravelle 10B3 Prototype in Finnair colors on approach to Paris Le Bourget airport in 1965. Pierre Lesieutre via Eric Gervais, Zoggavia Collection.

Finnair, formerly known as Aero Oy, owned and operated fifteen Sud Aviation Caravelle planes between 1960 and 1983, of which three were leased. The first three Caravelle IA planes, namely OH-LEA "Sinilintu," OH-LEB "Sinilintu," and OH-LEC "Sininuoli," were ordered on 18 January 1958 and put into service in 1960. These planes were converted to Caravelle III planes in 1961, and a fourth Caravelle III, OH-LED "Sinipiika," was acquired in 1962. Aero became the first airline to certify its aircraft for a two-pilot cockpit crew in 1960.

The Caravelle planes replaced the Convair 440 Metropolitan piston engine planes in international scheduled scheduled traffic, which resulted in improved travel comfort. The Caravelle III planes were more spacious and quieter, making them ideal for international travel. The jets also facilitated night charter flights to holiday destinations without disrupting daytime scheduled flights.

All four Caravelle III planes were sold back to Sud Aviation as part payment for six new Sud Aviation 10B3 Super Caravelle planes in 1964. Finnair was the first customer to order six Super Caravelles, which were OH-LSA, -LSB, -LSC, -LSD, -LSE, and -LSF. A strike in the French metal industry delayed the delivery of these planes, and the factory ended up leasing one VI-R type Caravelle, OH-LER, to Aero for 3.5 months in 1964. Finnair ordered two more Super Caravelles, OH-LSG and -LSH, in December 1965, which were delivered in 1967.

The Super Caravelles had a cabin layout with either 12 first-class seats and 70 economy-class seats or 95 economy-class seats. The maximum capacity of the plane was 107 passengers. Between 1974 and 1976, Finnair leased two aircraft, OH-LSI and -LSK, from Sterling, in addition to its eight Super Caravelles.

Finnair retired its Super Caravelle fleet in 1983.

January 2024

Zoggavia Swissair 1

January issue of Airways Magazine

Airways Magazine covers history of Swissair - Zoggavia contributes the images

Airways Magazine is going to publish a comprehensive history of Swissair from its inception in 1919 to its collapse in 2002. The January 2024 issue will cover the airline's early years, from 1919 to 1979. Part 2 of the publication will delve into the turbulent years of Swissair, including the failure of its ambitious expansion strategy, which ultimately led to the airline's demise. The articles will feature classic aviation images from Zoggavia's extensive library.

You can find the January issue at Airways Magazine has been a leading commercial aviation publication since 1994, distributed through newsstands in North America and 35 countries worldwide, and subscribers in more than 60 countries. 


How Constellations brought the Austrian Flag to New York and Tokyo

Aero-Transport started operating passenger charter flights in 1958 using Vikings, a single Dove, and a Taylorcraft Auster. In June 1961, they bought an ex-TWA aircraft and added a L749 in 1962, followed by a freighter L749 in 1963, using all three aircraft for passenger and freight charters around the world. They visited various destinations including New York and Tokyo in 1961, Hong Kong and Nairobi in 1962. To learn more about the airline's operations and fate, please click here:


Eastern Air Lines Lockheed c/n4533 N6225C L1049C Super Constellation in 1954.

Zoggavia's new photo book of the Lockheed Constellation series

I have some exciting news to share with you! Zoggavia released a new photobook of the - Lockheed L1049 Super Constellation Commercial Operators". This book, the fourth covering the Connie, is a collection of the best images of the famous Super Connie, showcasing her uniqueness and beauty. The book features 256 excellent photos of the 259 Super Constellations built for commercial use, printed on 170g/m2 photo paper and bound in a high-gloss hardcover. You'll get to see the Queen of the Skies in action - at airports around the world with and without passengers and crew, during takeoff, landing, refueling, and more. So, fasten your seatbelts and join us on this journey into the past - it's going to be a great one!

See what you can expect:

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